Zunkunft der Mobilität

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Da ich gern über die Zunkunft im Bereich Mobilität nachdenke, habe ich für ein Schulprojekt eine kleine Rede für einen fiktiven Kongress verfasst.

Ladies and gentleman,

it is an honor for me to be here at the International Mobility Congress in Leipzig. My name is Nelson and I would like to tell you some interesting facts about mobility then and in the future. However, it is much more important for me to present you a different point of view and maybe inspire you to think about it.

At first, I would like to start with a quick survey: please raise your hand if you own a private car in your household! …very interesting result! And the second question: Is there anyone here whose car is an electrical one? Ok thank you for participating! However, I expected these results before. For decades Germans have been investing a lot of time and money in mobility. To be more precise that’s about 80 minutes per person per day. Germans spend around 15% of their expenses on mobility. We also don’t have a fast traffic turnaround at this moment! The private car is the most represented in today’s traffic. And very important the truck in the logistics. Each year we have a half million of cars additionally in Germany! Every third car is an SUV, 28 percent of new cars 2020 were delivered with diesel engines! With these facts in mind, no one can say that we have a traffic turnaround! There is also a trend toward a second car in the household. Already in the child age most children are brought by the car to the kindergarten!

The reason for the essential position of the private car in today’s traffic is the price! Including all costs, you pay about 30 cents per kilometers driven. To clarify a short example from the everyday life: On a rainy day you will drive with two more persons from the south of Leipzig into the city center to make a shopping trip. You will have two options:

  1. Take the tram. Provided you are an occasional passenger and do not own a monthly pass you will pay 16,20€ total.
  2. The second option is to drive by car. You will spend for there and back 3€. Then for 4 hours, it would be a long shopping trip, parking fees in amount of 4,30€. It would not be even the half of the tram costs!

Do you now understand why the private car has such a high position?

In my opinion we spend too much hope in the electromobility! Electric cars are a good beginning but will not solve our problems in traffic. One of the biggest problems is, that electric vehicles are only ecological if they have all small battery. In this case they are suitable only for the city or short distances. And what is a car without enough range? Let’s take a family what wants to go on vacation as an example. This might want to travel 700-800km in one piece. They also need a lot of space. The long charging time as well as the limited space in normal electric vehicles might not be the right decision for families. That is why I see hybrid cars as a good alternative. Furthermore, the automatic so called “robo-taxis“ are more expensive per kilometer than the normal private car. They would drive only in cities, but 70% of de Germans are living in areas with fewer than 100000 inhabitants.

If you leave your own comfort zone and look at logistics, you will notice that electromobility is not easy to implement there. Electric trucks only have a range of 200km. This isn’t enough for an efficient logistic on long ways. The train has a 30% cost advantage over the truck. But unfortunately, it is not modern enough to establish itself on the market today.

I think we and especially you as politicians and engineers have to think about other solutions for transportation and other drive concepts for motor vehicles! In my opinion electromobility has too many weaknesses to be the only future option. We need quickly a concept for commercial vehicles because they make up a big part of our current traffic! Also, the private car will still remain for a long time. How to ban the car is not the right question. The right question is you should think about is: how we can make cars better and more ecological!

Thank you for listening!
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